浙江工商大学2005年综合英语考研真题试卷
 
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浙江工商大学2005年硕士研究生入学考试试卷(A卷)

招生专业:外国语言学与应用语言学

考试科目:综合英语

考试时间:3小时

 

1Vocabulary and structure

Directions: Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence. Mark your answers blacking the corresponding letters.(25%)

1Despite their good service, most inns are less costly than hotels of     standards.

Aequivalent     Balike    Cuniform   Dlikely

2Water enters into a great variety of chemical reactions,     have been mentioned in previous pages.

Aa few of it     Ba few of that   Ca few of them   Da few of which

3I left for the office earlier than usual this morning    traffic jam.

Ain line with    Bfor the sake of    Cin case of    Dat the risk of

4Once they had fame, fortune, secure futures;    is utter poverty.

Anow that all is left     Bnow all that is left  

Cnow all which is left   Dnow all what is left

5All flights    because of storm, they decided to take the train.

Ahaving canceled   Bhaving been canceled

 Cwere canceled    Dhave been canceled

6Language belongs to each one of us, to the flower-seller    to the professor.

Aas much as   Bas far as    Cthe same as    Das long as

7We preferred to postpone the meeting    it without the presence of our president.

Ato holding   Bthan to hold   Crather than held    Drather than hold

8Many people, if not most,    literary taste as an elegant accomplishment, by acquiring which they will complete themselves, and make themselves finally fit as members of a correct society.

Alook on   Blook down   Clook in    Dlook into

9What a good listener is able to do is to process what he hears on the basis of the context    .

Ait occurring in   Boccurred in it   Cit occurs in    Doccurring in it

10It’s time    about the traffic problem downtown.

Aanything will be done   Beverything is done  

Csomething was done    Dnothing to be done

11Physics is the present-day equivalent of    used to be called natural philosophy, from which most of present-day science arose.

Athat   Bwhich   Call    Dwhat

12    is the center of our planetary system was a difficult concept to grasp in the Middle Ages.

AIt is the sun and not the earth   BBeing the sun and not the earth

CThe sun and not the earth      DThat the sun and not the earth

13A membership card authorizes    the club’s facilities for a period of 12 months.

Athe holding using    Bthe holder’s using  

Cthe holder to use     Dthe holder uses

14    I admit that there are problems ,I don’t think that they cannot be solved.

AUnless   BUntil   CAs   DWhile

15Although rain falls throughout most of the world, in Antarctica, and in a few other places,    precipitation occurs as ice and snow.

Aand all    Ball    Cwhere all   Dit is all

16Prized for centuries for their beauty, roses are probably the world’s    plants.

Acultivated ornamental most widely   Bornamental widely cultivated most  

Cmost widely cultivated ornamental   Dwidely ornamental most cultivated

17    they rely on external sources of warmth, amphibians in cool regions hibernate through the winter

ABecause   BBy reason of    CDue to    DSince that

18    as taste is really a composite sense made up of both taste and smell

ATo which we refer   BWhat do we refer to   

CThat we refer to it   DWhat we refer to

19Lorraine Hansberry’s playa Raisin in the sun was    to be produced on Broadway.

Athe first drama that an African American woman  

Ban African American woman whose first drama  

Cthe first drama by an African American woman

Dan African American woman’s drama that first

20Achallenging new area in inorganic chemistry is    the role of transition metals in the biochemical catalysts called enzymes.

Athat of understanding    Bto have understanding

Cthe understanding       Dunderstanding that

21Soap operas, a type of television drama series, are so called because at first they were

    Such as soap manufacturers.

Acommercial companies by sponsored  Bcompanies by commercial by sponsored   Csponsored by commercial companies   Dcompanies commercial sponsored by

22She is most frugal in matters of business, but in her private life she reveals a streak of

    .

Aantipathy   Bprodigality   Cmisanthropy   Dvirtuosity

23Just as some writers have    the capacity of language to express meaning, Giacometti

    The failure of art to convey reality.

Adespaired of bewailed   Bdeniedrefuted  

Cdemonstratedexemplified   Dscoffed atabjured

24According to one political theorist, a regime that has as its goal absolute    ,without any    law or principle, has declared war on justice.

Arespectabilitycodification of    Bsupremacysuppression of

Cautonomyaccountability to     Dresponsibilityprioritization of

25A lthough it seems    that there would be a greater risk of serious automobile accidents in densely populated areas, such accidents are most likely to occur in sparsely populated regions.

Aparadoxical   Banomalous   Caxiomatic   Dportentous

IICloze

Directions: Fill in each of the blanks in the following passage with One appropriate work.(15%)

One argument used to support the idea that employment will continue to be the dominant form of work, and that   1   will eventually become available for all who want it , is

   2   working time will continue to fall. People in jobs will work fewer hours in the day, fewer days in the week, fewer weeks in the year, and fewer years in a lifetime,   3   they do now . this will mean that more jobs will be available for more people. This, it is said, is the

   4   we should set about restoring full employment.

    There is no   5   that something of this kind will happen. The shorter working week, longer holidays,   6   retirement, job-sharing—these and other ways of reducing the amount of time people spend on their jobs--   7   certainly likely to spread. A mix of part-time paid work and part-time unpaid work is likely to become a much more common work pattern than today, and a flexi-life pattern of work—involving paid employment at certain stages of life, but not at others—will become   8   .But it is surely unrealistic to assume that this will make it possible to restore full employment as the dominant   9   of work.

In the    10   place, so long as employment remains the overwhelmingly important form of work and    11   of income for most people today, it is very difficult to see how reductions in employees’ working time can take place on a sufficient scale for example, introducing a 35-hour working week. But, secondly, if changes of this king were to    12    place at a pace and on a scale sufficient to make it possible to share employment among all who wanted it , the resulting situation--   13   which most people would not be working in their jobs for more than two or three short days a week—could hardly continue to be one in which employment was still regarded as the only truly valid form of work. There would be so many people spending so    14   of their time on other activities, including other forms of useful work, that the primacy of employment would be bound to be called into question, at least to some    15   .

 

IIIProofreading & Error Correction

Directions: The following 2 passages contain 20 errors: each indicated line contains one error only. In each case, only one word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following manner: for a wrong word, underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the blank provided at the end of the line. For a missing word, mark the position of the missing work with a “Λ”sign and write the work you believe to be missing in the blank provided at the end of the line. For an unnecessary word, cross the unnecessary word with a slash”/”, and put the word with a slash in the blank provided at the end of the line.(30%)

Passage1

The changes in language will continue forever, but no one knows sure      (1)

       

Who does the changing. One possibility is that children are

responsible. A professor of linguistic at the University of Hawaii,          (2)

       

Explores this in one of his recent books. Sometimes around 1880, a         (3)

language catastrophe occurred in Hawaii when thousands of emigrant       (4)

       

Workers were brought to the islands to work for the new sugar

industry. These people speaking different languages were unable to

Communicate with each other or with the native Hawaiians or the dominant

English-speaking owners of the plantations. So they first

spoke in Pidgin English—the sort of thing such mixed language            (5)

       

Populations have always done. A pidgin is not really a language at all. It is more like a set of verbal signals used to name objects and                           (6)

Without the grammatical rules needed for expressing thought and

ideas. And then, within a single generation, the whole mass of mixed people began speaking a totally new tongue: Hawaiian Creole. The                     (7)

new speech was contained ready-made words borrowed from all the         (8)

original tongues, but beard little or no resemblance to the                  (9)

predecessors in the rules used for stringing the words together.

A lthough generally regarded as primitive language, Hawaiian Creole        (10)

had a highly sophisticated grammar,

Passage2

I think it is true to saying that, in general, language teachers              (11)       

have paid little attention to the way sentences are used in combination

to form stretches of connected discourse. They have tend to take          (12)       

their cue from the grammarian and have concentrated to the teaching      (13)       

of sentences as self-contained units. It is true that these are often

presented in “contexts ”and strung together in dialogues and

reading passages, but these are essentially setting to make the

formal properties of the sentences stand up more clearly, properties        (14)       

which then established in the learner’s mind by means of practice         (15)       

drill and exercises. Basically, the language teaching unit is the            (16)       

sentence as a formal linguistic object. The language teacher’s view of 

what that constitutes knowledge of a language is essentially the same      (17)       

as Chomsky’s knowledge of the syntactic structure of sentences,

and of the transformational relations which hold them. Sentences are

seen as paradigmatically rather than syntagmatically related. Such

a knowledge provides the basis for actual use of language by the          (18)       

speaker and hearer. The assumption that the language teacher appears

to make is that once this base is provided, then the learner will have        (19)        

no difficulty in the dealing with the actual use of language.               (20)       

 

   

IVReading Comprehension

Directions: Read each passage carefully and then answer the questions by blacking the letters you have selected.(50%)

Passage One

To a celebrator of the alleged maternal instinct, ”modern woman”——with her contraception, abortion rights, career and nanny ——can only be a pitiful freak. Mid-20th century Freudians urged women to put aside ambition and masochistically(their word)submit to the maternal instinct. In the 19th century, gynecologists warned that any use of the female intellect——from novel reading to higher education——could foreclose motherhood by causing the uterus to , quite literally, wither away. Happiness was a full womb and a vacant mind.

In the past, feminists have responded to this kind of talk by arguing that women have no biologically scripted inner nature to violate. Hey, girls just wanna have fun! But the truth, according to anthropologist Sara Hrdy, is that women are biologically hard-wired for motherhood, only not in the ways men imagine. We are primates, after all, not spiders or guppies, and this means we are not scripted for indiscriminate reproduction but for well-spaced offspring, each requiring lengthy care.

In the natural human conditionthe Paleolithic lifestyle that prevailed for at least 90% of existencewomen probably spaced their births up to four years apart through prolonged lactation. As in surviving hunting societies like the Kung, infrequent births mean that each baby can be cherished and, of course, fed. It is this scriptnot commandment to multiply nonstopthat has been violated by human societies for the past few thousand years. By the time of the ancient Mediterranean civilizations, women were already having far more babies than they could care foras evidenced by the widespread practice of infanticide and abandonment.

What makes a primate species start breeding more like bunnies than bonobos? Hrdy points to that great watershed of prehistory, the dawn of the Neolithic era, with the invention of agriculture, about 10,000 years ago. For one thing, the changing diet allowed girls to fatten up for puberty earlier and wean their babies faster, thus bearing more babies per lifetime. Men began to define land and animals as property and sources of prestige, it would seem, and women as chattels to be fought over.

With the “domestication” of women, and their consignment for frequent childbearing, patriarchy was born. The cultural pattern found in so many tribal horticultural societiesincluding warfare, male domination and polygynybegan to take hold worldwide. By the dawn of “civilization’, the venerable female tendencies, Hrdy tells us, so essential to successful primate motherhood, ambition, ingenuity and sexual adventurousness, had been redefined as immortal or at least “unnatural”.

But maybe we are finally waking up from our species’10,000-year-long mistake. Perhaps family planning, working moms and child-care centers aren’t bizarre modernist digressions from the “natural” but the hallmarks of ancient primate family values. After all, the female primate’s goal has never been hordes of offspringjust a few good kids. And if there is anything unique about our species compared with most other primates, it’s that human males are so often motivated to serve as hands-on parents too. Thanks to contraceptive technology and, yes, feminism, we may have a chance to get back to nature at lastour special human primate nature.

1The purpose of this essay is to           .

Aclaim women’s right to pursue their career

Bclarify the nature of motherhood

Ccompare modern women with their counterparts 10,000years ago

Dcriticize the conception of the alleged maternal instinct

2In this essay, the alleged maternal instinct means that           .

Awomen are born productive devices

Bwomen’s affection for children is natural

Cfrequent childbearing is natural for a woman

Dmotherhood is a natural desire on the part of a woman

3The Paleolithic lifestyle preferred           .

Aindiscriminate reproduction      Bwell-spaced kids with good care

Cfrequent childbearing           Dhordes of good offspring

3The Paleolithic lifestyle preferred           .

Aindiscriminate reproduction      Bwell-spaced kids with good care

Cfrequent childbearing           Dhordes of good offspring

4In the first sentence of the last paragraph, ‘our species’ 10,000-year-long mistake” refers to           .

Aindiscriminate reproduction      Binfanticide and abandonment

Cdomestication of women        Dmale domination and polygyny

 

Passage TWO

For most of us, work is the central, dominating fact of life. We spend more than half our conscious hours at work, preparing for work, traveling to and from work,. What we do there largely determines our standard of living and, to a considerable extent, the status we are accorded by our fellow citizens as well. It is sometimes said that because leisure has become more important, the indignities and injustices of work can be pushed into a corner, that because most work is pretty intolerable, people who do it should compensate for its boredom, frustrations, and humiliations by concentrating their hopes on the other parts of their lives. I reject that as a counsel of despair. For the foreseeable future the material and psychological rewards which work can provide, and the conditions in which work is done, will continue to play a vital part in determining the satisfaction that life can offer. Yet only a small minority can control the pace at which they work or the conditions in which their work is done; only for a small minority does work offer scope for creativity, imagination, or initiative.

Inequality at work is still one of the cruelest and most glaring forms if inequality in our society. We cannot hope to solve the more obvious problems of industrial life, many of which arise directly or indirectly from the frustrations created by inequality at work, unless we tackle it head-on. Still less can we hope to create a decent and humane society.

The most glaring inequality is that between managers and the rest. For most managers, work is an opportunity and a challenge. Their jobs engage their interest and allow them to develop their abilities. They are constantly learning; they are able to exercise responsibility; they have a considerable degree of control over their ownand others’ working lives. Most important of all, they have the opportunity to initiate. By contrast, for most workers, and for a growing number of white-collar workers, work in a boring , monotonous, even painful experience. They spend all their working lives in conditions which would be regarded as intolerablefor themselvesby those who take the decisions which let such conditions continue. The majority has little control over their work; it provides them with no opportunity for personal development. Often production is so designed that workers are simply part of the technology. In offices, many jobs are so routine that workers justifiably feel themselves to be mere cogs in the bureaucratic machine . As a direct consequence of their work experience, many workers feel alienated from their work and their firm, whether it is in public or in private ownership.

Rising educational standards feed rising expectations, yet the amount of control which the worker has over his own work situation does not rise accordingly. In many cases his control has been reduced. Symptoms of protest increaserising sickness and absenteeism, high turnover of employees, restrictions on output, and strikes, both unofficial and official. There is not much escape out and upwards. As management becomes more professionalin itself a good thingthe opportunity for promotion from the shop floor becomes less. The only escape is to another equally frustrating manual job; the only compensation is found not in the job but outside it, if there is a rising standard of living.

5Which of the following statements DOES NOT stand for the author’s viewpoint?

AMost people can never get any satisfaction from their jobs.

BEquality in our society is impossible.

CThe more education a worker has, the more control he has over his own work situation.

DSense of self-fulfillment is one of the key factors which determine the satisfaction a job can offer.

6In the author’s opinion, people judge others by         .

Athe type of work they do     Bthe place where they work

Cthe time they spend on work  Dthe amount of money they earn

7Working conditions generally remain intolerable because         .

Athe workers make no effort to change them

Bthe workers have found compensation outside their jobs

Cthe management sees no need to change them

Dmany jobs are boring and monotonous

8The passage is developed by          .

Acause and effect          Bdefinition and illustration

Cdivision and classification  Dcomparison and contrast

 

Passage Three

    To an adolescent who dreams of dominating the basketball court, synthetic human growth hormone may look like a godsend. To biotechnology watchdog Jeremy Rifkin, it has a more sinister aspect. The 5-foot- activist doesn’t view short stature as a medical problem, ad he’s appalled that the US government is sponsoring a 10-year study to see whether the treatment will make healthy children taller. In a new petition to the National Institute of Health, Rifkin and his Washington-based Foundation on Economic Trends charge that the study violates federal rules restricting medical experiments on children. No one expects the petition to shut down the study, but it has rekindled a long-simmering debate over what makes a difference a defect.

Synthetic human growth hormone was approved in 1985 as a treatment for kids who don’t produce the substance naturally. The manufacturers would like to find a large clientele. The disputed NIH trial, now in its second year, is designed to see what effect the treatment will have on kids with normal hormone levels, but who fall at the lowest end of the height curve. Half of the 80participants get injections of synthetic growth hormone three times a week. The others get dummy injections. To measure the effects of the treatment, researchers will monitor all the kids until they stop growing.

Advocates of the drug’s wider use insist that while short stature is no disease, it can be a social handicap. They cite research showing that short people tend to lag in school, earn less money, even lose elections. Twelve-year-old Marco Oriti has normal hormone levels but has always been small. After six years of treatment he’s still five inches behind some peers, but his mother credits the drug with narrowing the gap.

Small risk: Someone else’s parents may find a smaller gap worrisome. Should any child with nervous parents receive years of costly medical treatment? If the risks are minimal, and the public isn’t paying the bill, maybe there’s no harm(synthetic growth hormone isn’t known to cause serious side effects at standard doses.)But the implications are unsettling. If short stature is to be treated as a medical disorder, Rifkin asks, what other perceived handicap will follow? Skin color ?

Some researchers share those misgiving but defend the NIH study as an effort to identify the durg’s possibilities. At the moment, no one knows whether it will increase a normal child’s adult height or simply help him attain it faster. If synthetic growth hormone does not provide extra inches, says Dr Lynnette Nieman of NIH, the debate over treating healthy kids will be questionable. Maybe so. But if the drug works, science alone won’t tell us how to use it.

9According to Jeremy Rifkin, the sinister aspect of the use of synthetic human growth hormone is that        .

Apeople are not sure whether the treatment will increase a normal child’s abult height or simply help him attain it faster

Bit is very expensive but produces very little effects

Cit misleads people into believing that short stature is a medical problem

Dthe US government is wasting the public’s money on the ten-year study of synthetic human growth hormone

10Which of the following is NOT included in the disputed NIH trial?

AIt is designed to see what effect the treatment will have on kids who have normal hormone levels but are too short for their age.

BIt is to prove that short stature can be a social handicap though it is not a disease.

CForty participants receive injections without any synthetic human growth hormone.

DResearchers are to keep observing all the participants until they stop growing.

11We may infer from the passage that         .

Aeven if the drug works, the wide use of it will involve other concerns.

Bif the drug can increase a kid’s height, colored people would hope to change their skin color

Cparents will be scared if the drug does not provide extra inches

Dpeople have no doubts that the drug will increase a normal child’s abult height

 

Passage Four

The discovery that language can be a barrier to communication is quickly made by all who travel, study, govern or sell. Whether the activity is tourism, research, government, policing, business, or data dissemination, the lack of a common language can severely impede progress or can halt it altogether. ”Common language” here usually means a foreign language, but the same point applies in principle to any encounter with unfamiliar dialects or styles within a single language. ”They don’t talk the same language” has a major metaphorical meaning alongside its literal one.

Although communication problems of this king must happen thousands of times each day, very few become public knowledge. Publicity comes only when a failure to communicate has major consequences, such as strikes, lost orders, legal problems, or fatal accidentseven, at times, war. One reported instance of communication failure took place in 1970, when several Americans ate a species of poisonous mushroom. No remedy was known, and two of the people died within days. A radio report of the case was heard by a chemist who knew of a treatment that had been successfully used in 1959 and published in 1963. Why had the American doctors not heard of it seven years later? Presumably because the report of the treatment had been published only in journals written in European languages other than English.

Several comparable cases have been reported. But isolated examples do not give an impression of the size of the problemsomething that can come only from studies of the use or avoidance of foreign-language materials and contracts in different communicative situations. In the English-speaking scientific world, for example, surveys of books and documents consulted in libraries and other information agencies have shown that very little foreign-language material is ever consulted. Library requests in the field of science and technology showed that only 13 per cent were for foreign language periodicals. Studies of the sources cited in publications lead to a similar conclusion: the use of foreign-language sources is often found to be as low as 10 per cent.

The language barrier presents itself stark form to firms who wish to market their products in other countries. British industry, in particular, has in recent decades often been criticized for its linguistic insularityfor its assumption that foreign buyers will be happy to communicate in English, and that awareness of other languages is not therefore a priority. In the 1960s,over two-thirds of British firms dealing with non-English-speaking customers were using English for outgoing correspondence; many had their sales literature only in English; and as many as 40 per cent employed no-one able to communicate in the customers’ languages. A similar problem was identified in other English-speaking countries, notably the USA, Australia and New Zealand. And non-English-speaking countries were by no means exemptalthough the wide spread use of English as an alternative language made them less open to the charge of insularity.

The criticism and publicity given to this problem since the 1960s seems to have greatly improved the situation. Industrial training schemes have promoted an increase in linguistic and cultural awareness. Many firms now have their own translation services; to take just one example in Britain, Rowntree Mackintosh now publish their documents in six languages(English, French, German ,Dutch, Italian and Xhosa). Some firms run part-time language courses in the languages of countries with which they are most involved; some produce their own technical glossaries, to ensure consistency when material is being translated. It is now much more readily appreciated that marketing efforts can be delayed, damaged, or disrupted by failure to take account of the linguistic needs of the customer.

The changes in awareness have been most marked in English-speaking countries, where the realization has gradually dawned that by no means everyone in the world knows English well enough to negotiate in it. This is especially a problem when English is not an official language of public administration, as in most parts of Far East, Russia, the Arab world, etc. Even in cases where foreign customers can speak English quite well, it is often forgotten that they may not be able to understand it to the required levelbearing in mind the regional and social variation which permeates speech and which can cause major problems of listening comprehension. In securing understanding, how ”we” speak to “them” is just as important, it appears, as how ”they” speak to “us”.

12According to the passage, “They don’t speak the same language” (paragraph 1) can refer to problems in           .

Aunderstanding metaphor       Blearning foreign languages

Cunderstanding dialect or style   Ddealing with technological change

13The case of poisonous mushrooms suggests that American doctors           .

Ashould have paid more attention to the radio reports

Bonly read medical journals written in English

Care sometimes unwilling to try foreign treatments

Ddo not always communicate effectively with their patients

14According to the writer, the linguistic insularity of British businesses           .

Alater spread to other countries   

Bhad a negative effect on their business

Cis not as bad now as it used to be in the past 

Dmade non-English-speaking companies turn to other markets

15According to the writer, English-speaking people need to e aware that           .

Asome foreigners have never met an English-speaking person

Bmany foreigners have no desire to learn English

Cforeign languages may pose a greater problem in the future

DEnglish-speaking foreigners may have difficulty understanding English

16A suitable title for this passage would be            .

AOvercoming the Language Barrier  

BHow to Survive an English Speaking World

CGlobal understanding-the Key to Personal Progress

DThe Need for a Common language

 

Passage Five

Clara came to Jordan’s. Some of the older hands, Fanny among them, remembered her earlier rule, and cordially disliked the memory. Clara had always been ”ikey”, reserved, and superior. She had never mixed with the girls as one of themselves. If she had occasion to find fault, she did it coolly and with perfect politeness, which the defaulter felt to be a bigger insult than crossness. Towards Fanny, the poor, over-strung hunchback, Clara was unfailingly compassionate and gentle, as a result of which Fanny shed more bitter tears than ever the rough tongues of the other overseers had caused her.

There was something is Clara that Paul disliked, and much that piqued him. If she were about, he always watched her strong throat or her neck, upon which the blond hair grew low and fluffy. There was a fine down, almost invisible, upon the skin of her face and arms, and once he had perceived it, he saw it always.

When he was at his work, painting in the afternoon, she would come and stand near him, perfectly motionless. Then he felt her, though she neither spoke nor touched him. Although she stood a yard away he felt as if he were in contact with her. Then he could paint no more. He flung down the brushes, and turned to talk to her.

Sometimes she praised his work; sometimes she was critical and cold.

“You are affected in that piece,” she would say; and , as there was an element of truth in her condemnation, his blood boiled with anger.

Again: ”what f this” he would ask enthusiastically.

“H’m!” She made a small doubtful sound. “It doesn’t interest me much.”

“Because you don’t understand it,” he retorted.

“Because I thought you would understand.”

She would shrug her shoulders in scorn of his work. She maddened him. He was furious. Then he abused her, and went into passionate exposition of his stuff. This amused and stimulated her. But she never owned that she had been wrong.

During the ten years that she had belonged to the women’s movement she had acquired a fair amount of education, and, having had some of Miriam’s passion to be instructed, had taught herself French, and could read in that language with a struggle. She considered herself as a woman apart, and particularly apart, from her class. The girls in the spiral department were all of good homes. It was a small, special industry, and had a certain distinction. There was an air of refinement in both rooms. But Clara was aloof also from her fellow-workers

None of these things, however, did she reveal to Paul. She was not the one to give herself away. There was a sense of mystery about her. She was so reserved, he felt she had much to reserve. Her history was open on the surface, but its inner meaning was hidden from everybody. It was exciting. And then sometimes he caught her looking at him from under her brows with an almost furtive, sullen scrutiny, which made him move quickly. Often she met his eyes. But then her own were, as it were, covered over, revealing nothing. She gave him a little, lenient smile. She was to him extraordinarily provocative, because of the knowledge she seemed to possess, and gathered fruit of experience he could not attain.

17Being compassionately and politely treated by Clara, Fanny felt        .

Adeeply moved      Bmore humiliated

Cvery grateful       Dmistakenly wronged

18All the following descriptions of Clara are true EXCEPT that        .

Ashe wanted to be kind to her work-mates

Bshe was always condescending towards her fellow workers

Cshe felt herself superior to her own class

Dshe did want others to read to her own class

19What Paul didn’t like in Clara was that        .

Ashe was sometimes scornfully critical about his painting

Bshe was a feminist

Cshe had more education than him

Dshe was not pretty enough

20Which of the following descriptions is NOT true of Paul’s feeling when he was with Clara?

AHe felt attracted by her.

BHe didn’t quite understand her.

CHe felt himself inferior for lacking knowledge and experience

DHe shared many ideas with her concerning painting.

 

IVRhetoric

Part I Direction: Give the definitions of the following terms(10%)

1Analogy    

2Alliteration     

3Euphemism      

4synecdoch

5sarcasm     

6Transferred Epithet    

7pun    

8 personification

9onomatopoeia    

10understatement

Part 2 Direction: In each passage of the following contains several(at least one)figures of speech. Identify them by underlining and write down the names of those figures of speech.(20%)

1)At 6:20 a.m. the ground began to heave. Windows rattled; then they broke Objects started falling from shelves. Water heaters fell from their pedestals, tearing out plumbing. Outside, the road began to break up. Water mains and gas lines were wrenched apart, causing flooding and the danger of explosion. Office buildings began cracking; soon twenty, thirty, forty stories of concrete were diving at the helpless pedestrians panicking below.

2)Whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is of good repute, if there is any excellence and if anything worthy of praise, let your mind dwell on these things.

3)Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of captivity. But one hundred years later, we must face the tragic fact that the Negro is still not free.

4)He was an undersized little man, with a head too big for his body-a sickly little man. His nerves were bad. He had skin trouble. It was agony for him to wear anything next to his skin coarser than silk. And he had delusions of grandeur.

5)He was a monster of conceit. Never for one minute did he look at the world or at people, except in relation to himself. He was not only the most important person in the world, to himself; in his own eyes he was the only person who existed. He believed himself to be one of the greatest composers.

6)There is greatness about his worst mistakes. Listening to his music, one doesn’t forgive him for what he may or may not have been. It is not a matter of forgiveness. It is a matter of being dumb with wonder that his poor brain and body didn’t burst under the torment of the demon of creative energy that lived inside him, struggling, crawling, scratching to be released; tearing, shrieking at him to write the music that was in him. The miracle is that what he did in the little space of seventy years could have been done at all, even by a great genius. Is it any wonder that he had no time to be a man?

7)But whom you forgive anything, I forgive alsoin order that no advantage be taken of us by Satan; for we are not ignorant of his schemes

 


 

 

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